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*Research and Writing*

Welcome! This guide will help you develop your research and writing skills by providing foundational knowledge of the iterative research and writing process as well as manageable steps for breaking down and navigating college research projects.

Still Struggling?

Conversing with someone else about your research and writing process can be incredibly helpful.  Contact someone at McKillop Library or the Writing Center using the links below.

Resources

Examples of Common MLA Citations

Books

*A note on publishers: If the publisher is a university press, use only U and P to refer to "university press." e.g. Cambridge UP, U of Arkansas P.

Book with one author:

Lastname, Firstname Middle Initial. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Publisher, Year. 

Note: If the book was published before 1900, you also include the location of the publisher, as follows: 

Lastname, Firstname Middle Initial. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Location, Publisher, Year. 

 

Example:

Chojnacki, MatthewAlternative Movie Posters: Film Art from the UndergroundSchiffer Publishing, 2013.

 

Books with two authors:

Lastname, Firstname Middle Initial, and Firstname Middle Initial Lastname. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Publisher, Year. 

 

Books with three or more authors:

Lastname, Firstname Middle Initial, et al. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Publisher, Year. 

 

An edited book (e.g. collection of essays or another source with no original author):

Lastname, Firstname Middle Initial, editor. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Publisher, Year. 

 

An edited book with original author:

AuthorLastname, AuthorFirstname, edited by EditorFirstname EditorLastname. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Publisher, Year. 

 

Articles

Article found in a database or open web with one author:

Lastname, Firstname Middle Initial. "Title of Article: Subtitle of Article." Title of Journal, Volume, Issue, Year, pages, doi: OR Database, permalink/stable link to source. 

 

Example:

Matthews, Dan. "A Technical and Contextual Analysis of Scenography through Sculptural Reproduction: Hofman and Tröster's Hamlets." Theatralia, vol. 21, no. 2, 2018, pp. 29-37. Film & Television Literature Index, doi:10.5817/TY2018-2-3. 

 

Article found in print with one author:

Lastname, Firstname Middle Initial. "Title of Article: Subtitle of Article." Title of Journal, Volume, Issue, Year, pages.

 

Article found on the open web with one author:

Lastname, Firstname Middle Initial"Title of Article: Subtitle of Article." Title of Journal, Volume, Issue, Year, URL. Accessed Day Month Year.

 

Article (from the open web) with two authors:

Lastname, Firstname Middle Initial, and Firstname Middle Initial Lastname. "Title of Article: Subtitle of Article." Title of Journal, Volume, Issue, Year, URL. Accessed Day Month Year.

 

Article with three or more authors:

Lastname, Firstname Middle Initial, et al. "Title of Article: Subtitle of Article." Title of Journal, Volume, Issue, Year, URL. Accessed Day Month Year.

 

Websites

Note: this is for websites only—online newspapers/magazines articles are similar to articles above.

Website with one author:

Lastname, Firstname Middle Initial. Title of Website. Day Month Year, URL.

Web page (1 page of a larger website)

Lastname, Firstname Middle Initial. "Title of Webpage." Title of WebsiteDay Month Year, https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/.

 

Example:

Paiz, Joshua, et al. "General Format." Purdue Online Writing Lab5 May 2010, https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/.

 

Website with a corporate or organizational author:

Organization nameTitle of Website. Day Month Year, URL.