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UNV-101 (Craig Condella): Home

UNV101 Research Guide

Guide Purpose

The purpose of this guide is to help you with your web evaluation assignment and your annotated bibliography assignment:

Web Evaluation Padlet:

Annotated Bibliography

Research papers require you to evaluate and gather various sources that you then weave together to write your paper. An annotated bibliography is a helpful way to keep track of these sources and identify the valuable information contained within them as you start to put your paper together. We will consider how to put together such a bibliography by identifying and summarizing three different sources: a website, a popular article, and a scholarly article or book. We will again begin this process with an in-class library visit, thought the bulk of this assignment (especially the source summaries) will be done outside of the classroom.


This page gives a good description of how to write an annotated bibliography:

Finding Books and Articles

You can see how to construct an APA citation for a website through the "APA" tab on this research guide.

For your annotated bibliography assignment, Dr. Condella would like you to find a popular article and a scholarly article or a book. 

Finding your articles

For articles, I suggest using the library's articles tab on the homepage. The short video below shows some efficiency tips and tools in the articles tab.


Finding your book

For books, use the library's catalog/book tab. Short video below shows how to find books and efficiently navigate ebooks.


CRAAP Criteria

The CRAAP test for website evaluation

Is it Current?

  • How recently has the resource been updated?
  • Is it current enough for your research?

Is it Relevant?

  • Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
  • Who is the intended audience?
  • Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?
  • Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is one you will use?
  • Would you be comfortable citing this source to your audience?

Is it Authoritative?

  • Who is the creator or author?
  • What are the publisher's credentials?
  • Who is the publisher or sponsor?
  • Are they reputable?
  • What is the publisher's interest (if any) in this information?

Is it Accurate?

  • Where does the information come from?
  • Is the information supported by evidence?
  • Has the information been reviewed or refereed?
  • Can you verify the information in another source?

What’s the Purpose/Point of View?

  • Is this fact or opinion?
  • Is it biased?
  • What is the purpose of the information? Are they trying to entertain, inform, persuade, market a product, or teach?
  • Is the creator/author trying to sell you something?
  • Are there advertisements on the website? Do they indicate possible bias?

The C.R.A.A.P. test was created by the Meriam Library at California State University, Chico.

Director of Library Services

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Dawn Emsellem
McKillop Library
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(401) 341-2336