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*Research Basics*

Easy to follow guide on how to do research step by step, from start to finish. Choosing and researching a topic, using library materials, finding books and articles, search strategies, evaluating information and more!

Citation Manuals & Resources

There are varying ways to cite sources. Usually, a short form of the citation is included within the text of the paper (referred to as in-text or parenthetical citations) and then the full citation is given on the last page of the paper, sometimes referred to as a "Works Cited" page, a "References," list or a "Bibliography."

Also, there are different styles to citing sources. The following styles are commonly used:

  • APA (American Psychological Association) Format is generally used to cite sources within the social sciences.
  • MLA (Modern Language Association) Format is generally used to cite sources within the humanities and liberal arts.
Guide to MLA Style
from Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL)
MLA style;
Guide to APA Style
from Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL)
APA style
*Updated to 7th ed., Oct. 2019;
Guide to Chicago Style
from Chicago Manual of Style
Chicago styleRead the Chicago Manual of Style online
Guide to Turabian Style (9th Edition)
from University of Pittsburgh University Library System
Turabian style

Print Citation Guides:

Citation Guides Online:

Parts of a Citation

A citation is the information which identifies a resource, such as a book, DVD or article. Information for a book usually includes the author, title, publisher, city of publication, and date. The citation for an article usually includes the author, title of the article, title of the journal, volume, issue, pages, and date but the information included will mainly depend on which citation style is used (MLA, APA, etc.).

citation guide